The Biological research of wood and it’s renewable material is what is referred to as wood science. The processes and the tools used to utilize the material is what is known as wood technology. To be able to study wood it has to be compared to other products. Materials properties, ease of it being worked on and its value are among the few properties which are compared against those of wood and other materials. Wood has many advantages and this technology takes the advantages and utilizes them. The wide range of products where wood can be used is just one of the many advantages that give wood an upper hand over other products. It is also based on renewable resources. The other merit is that a part of the harvested material is at the same time used as energy to produce the product.
Protection of wooden structure and products is a must if you want to keep the good looks in place. The biggest threat to wood being moisture and insects has to be kept away from the wood. The rotting and decay of the timber products are caused by the moisture and the insects. Alkaline copper Quaternary or the ACQ has turned out to be a very effective way wood preservation. As the name implies the preservative is made of copper products. There are a few disadvantages of this method as a mode of wood preservation. The chemical is highly corrosive to most metals, the chemical corrodes away galvanized fasteners and therefore only stainless steel is used. The concentration of the chemical that will be used to treat a piece of wood will depend on the where it is going to be used and the molecular structure of the wood. Timber being used around a water body will be dipped in a more saturated fluid than that being used above ground.
The use of copper metal is another method of wood treatment that is fast being accepted. This method, unlike the ACQ, is friendly to the metal fasteners and its gaining popularity very fast. Micronized copper wood preservative is the correct term to refer this type of preservation. In this process microscopic particles of solid copper metal are mixed in a liquid carrier and injected to the wood at high pressure. The difference between this method and the other copper-based methods is that the copper is used as a metal rather than a dissolved material. This process is highly effective and the wood properties and heightened. The time the wood products treated using this method last is longer other types of treatment.
Termites and fungal decay are just a few among the many problems wood treated from this method are protected against. It has also shown to be an improvement in corrosion resistant properties to metal fasteners. Extensive research over a period of 10 years has proven the effectiveness of this science as one of the best wood preservation methods.